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Undo revision 1545 by [[Special:Contributions/Junjothewonderdog|Junjothewonderdog]] ([[User talk:Junjothewonderdog|talk]])
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{{about|Star Wars robot}} {{Infobox character | name = R2-D2 | colour = #0000FF | color2 = #FFFFFF | image = R2-D2 Droid.png | series = [[Star Wars]] | first = ''[[Star Wars (film)|Star Wars]]'' (1977) | creator = [[George Lucas]] | occupation = Astromech [[droid (robot)|droid]] | lbl21 = Homeworld | data21 = [[Naboo]] | nickname = Artoo, R2 | affiliation = [[Galactic Republic]]<br/>[[Rebel Alliance]]/[[New Republic (Star Wars)|New Republic]]<br/>[[Jedi Order]]<br/>Resistance | portrayer = [[Kenny Baker (English actor)|Kenny Baker]] {{small|(''Episodes I-VI'' and consultant in ''Episode VII'')}}<br>[[Jimmy Vee]] {{small|(''Episode VIII'')}}<br>[[Deep Roy]] {{small|(stand-in/stunt double, ''Episodes V and VI'')}}<br>'''Radio controllers:'''<br>[[Grant Imahara]], [[Mick Garris]], Jolyon Bambridge, Don Bies | voice = [[Ben Burtt]] {{small|(vocal effects)}} }} '''R2-D2''' or '''Artoo-Detoo''' is a fictional [[Robots in fiction|robot character]] in the ''[[Star Wars]]'' universe created by [[George Lucas]], who appears in the [[Star Wars|original trilogy]], the [[Star Wars prequel trilogy|prequel trilogy]], and the [[Star Wars sequel trilogy|sequel trilogy]]. As a charismatic and mischievous [[astromech droid]] (referred to in the [[Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope#Novelization|novel]] as a 'thermocapsulary dehousing assister'), R2-D2 is a major character appearing with his protocol [[Droid (robot)|droid]] companion, [[C-3PO]], as the only two characters to appear in all seven ''Star Wars'' films. Throughout the course of the films, he joins or supports [[Darth Vader|Anakin Skywalker]], [[Luke Skywalker]], [[Princess Leia]], [[Padmé Amidala]], and [[Obi-Wan Kenobi]] in various points in the saga. English actor [[Kenny Baker (English actor)|Kenny Baker]] played R2-D2 in all three original ''Star Wars'' films, and received [[Billing (filmmaking)|billing credit]] for the character in the prequel trilogy, where Baker's role was reduced, as R2-D2 was portrayed mainly by [[Radio-controlled model|radio controlled props]] and [[Computer-generated imagery|CGI]] models. In the sequel trilogy, Baker was credited as consultant for the [[Star Wars: The Force Awakens|first installment]], while actor [[Jimmy Vee]] will take over the role beginning in ''[[Star Wars: Episode VIII|Episode VIII]]''. R2-D2's sounds and vocal effects were created by [[Ben Burtt]]. R2-D2 was designed in artwork by [[Ralph McQuarrie]], co-developed by [[John Stears]] and built by [[Tony Dyson]]. == Design == George Lucas's creation of R2-D2 was influenced by [[Akira Kurosawa]]'s 1958 feature film ''[[The Hidden Fortress]]'' (USA release 1962), particularly Tahei and Matashichi, the two [[comic relief]] characters that serve as sidekicks to General Makabe. Lucas also drew inspiration from the robots Huey, Dewey, and Louie from [[Douglas Trumbull]]'s 1972 film ''[[Silent Running]]''. The name is said to derive from when Lucas was making one of his earlier films, ''[[American Graffiti]]''. Sound editor [[Walter Murch]] states that he is responsible for the utterance which sparked the name for the droid. Murch asked for Reel 2, Dialog Track 2, in the abbreviated form "R-2-D-2". Lucas, who was in the room and had dozed off while working on the script for ''Star Wars'', momentarily woke when he heard the request and, after asking for clarification, stated that it was a "great name" before falling immediately back to sleep.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.filmfreakcentral.net/notes/wminterview4.htm|title=Film Freak Central Interviews Editor Walter Murch (page 4)|author=Bill Chambers|date=2000|publisher=FilmFreakCentral.net |pages=4 |accessdate=March 23, 2014 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110810072318/http://filmfreakcentral.net/notes/wminterview4.htm |archivedate=August 10, 2011}}</ref> R2-D2 stands for Second Generation Robotic Droid Series-2, according to a ''Star Wars'' encyclopedia published after the release of the film ''[[Star Wars (film)|Star Wars]]''.{{citation needed|date=December 2014}} [[Tony Dyson]], owner of the [[special effect]]s studio The White Horse Toy Company, was commissioned to fabricate the design, making four units operated by remote control. Two were used by Baker, and two were stunt double models made for the scene where the droid was shot from the swamp onto the shore on [[Dagobah]]. === Original trilogy === ====''Star Wars''==== In ''[[Star Wars (film)|Star Wars]]'', both R2-D2 and C-3PO are introduced on board the ''[[Tantive IV]]'', along with [[Princess Leia]] of [[Alderaan]], when they are fired upon by an [[Galactic Empire (Star Wars)|Imperial]] [[Star Destroyer]]. Leia inserts in R2-D2 an information disc containing the plans for the [[Death Star]] battle station, along with encoding a distress message on the droid's holographic projector. The droids then escape in a pod that crashes on [[Tatooine]] near [[Obi-Wan Kenobi]]'s desert abode. R2-D2 and C-3PO are then abducted by [[List of Star Wars races (F-J)#Jawa|Jawa]]s and bought by [[Minor residents of Tatooine#Lars, Owen|Owen Lars]], step-uncle of [[Luke Skywalker]]. While Luke cleans the sand out of R2-D2's gears, he discovers a fragment of Leia's message, and removes the droid's restraining bolt to see more; once free of the bolt, R2 claims to have no knowledge of the message. That night, R2-D2 leaves the farm to seek out Obi-Wan. Soon, by way of fate, Luke is forced to leave Tatooine with Obi-Wan, [[Han Solo]], and [[Chewbacca]], and they attempt to deliver R2-D2 to the [[Rebel Alliance]]. Along the way, they are pulled in by the Death Star's [[tractor beam]], but eventually rescue [[Princess Leia]] and escape. R2-D2 delivers the plans to the [[Rebel Alliance]], and serves as Luke's astromech droid during the [[Battle of Yavin|attack on the station]]. R2-D2 is severely damaged during the battle, but is restored before the ceremony at the end of the film. ====''The Empire Strikes Back''==== In ''[[The Empire Strikes Back]]'', R2-D2 accompanies Luke to [[Dagobah]], and later to [[Cloud City]], where he helps to rescue and repair a heavily damaged C-3PO and to override city security computers. He also manages to fix the ''[[Millennium Falcon]]''{{'}}s [[hyperdrive]], resulting in a last-minute escape from Imperial forces. ====''Return of the Jedi''==== In ''[[Return of the Jedi]]'', R2-D2 plays a critical role in rescuing Luke, Leia and Han from [[Jabba the Hutt]]. He later joins the Rebel strike team on [[Endor (Star Wars)|Endor]]. He is badly damaged during the fight between the Imperial troops and the Rebels, but is repaired in time for the celebration marking the second Death Star's destruction and the end of the Empire. === Prequel trilogy === ====''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace''==== In ''[[Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace]]'', set 32 years before ''Star Wars'', R2-D2 is portrayed as belonging to the [[Naboo]] defense forces and is one of four astromech droids deployed for repair duty on Queen [[Padmé Amidala]]'s [[starship]] as it attempts to get past the [[Trade Federation]] blockade. The sole survivor of the four, R2-D2 becomes part of [[Qui-Gon Jinn]]'s party on [[Tatooine]] and meets [[C-3PO]] and [[Anakin Skywalker]]. Later still, he serves as the astromech droid for Anakin's [[Military spacecraft in fiction|starfighter]] during the Battle of Naboo. ====''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones''==== In ''[[Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones]]'', set 10 years after ''The Phantom Menace'', R2-D2 still serves Anakin and Obi-Wan. He accompanies Anakin and Padmé to Naboo, and then to Tatooine when Anakin tries to rescue his mother [[List of Star Wars characters#S|Shmi]]. Here, he is reunited with C-3PO, and the two get into various misadventures on Geonosis. He and C-3PO are later witnesses to Anakin and Padmé's secret wedding. ====''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith''==== In ''[[Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith]]'', R2-D2 helps Anakin and Obi-Wan in their mission to rescue Chancellor [[Palpatine]] from [[Count Dooku]]'s capital ship, the ''Invisible Hand''. He is attacked by battle droids, but defeats them through ingenious tactics. After Anakin falls to the [[dark side (Star Wars)|dark side]] of [[Force (Star Wars)|the Force]] and becomes [[Darth Vader]], he takes R2-D2 with him when he goes to assassinate the Separatist council, but tells him to stay with the ship. After the [[Galactic Empire (Star Wars)|Galactic Empire]] is established at the end of the film, C-3PO's memory is erased to keep the knowledge of the locations of [[Luke Skywalker]] and [[Princess Leia]] a secret from their father. However, R2-D2's memory isn't wiped (as a result, R2-D2 is the only surviving character at the end of ''Return of the Jedi'' who knows the entire story of the [[Skywalker family]]). Both R2-D2 and C-3PO end up in the possession of Captain [[List of Star Wars characters#A|Raymus Antilles]] on board the Corellian corvette ''[[Tantive IV]]''. === Sequel trilogy === ====''Star Wars: The Force Awakens''==== In ''[[Star Wars: The Force Awakens]]'', set approximately 30 years after ''Return of the Jedi'', R2-D2 is revealed to be kept in storage at the Resistance base on the planet D'Qar, having put himself in low-power mode after Luke Skywalker's disappearance. He later awakens and reveals Luke's location by combining map data stored in his memory with that of the droid [[BB-8]]. He then travels with [[Rey (Star Wars)|Rey]] and Chewbacca to the planet highlighted on the map, where they find Luke in self-imposed exile. In the credits, Kenny Baker was credited as 'R2-D2 consultant'. ====''Star Wars: Episode VIII''==== R2 was confirmed to appear in ''[[Star Wars: Episode VIII|Episode VIII]]'', with [[Jimmy Vee]] becoming the new actor for the character, as [[Kenny Baker (English actor)|Kenny Baker]] has retired from the role due to his age and health.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://metro.co.uk/2015/11/16/doctor-who-actor-jimmy-vee-is-the-new-r2-d2-in-star-wars-episode-8-5505452/|title=Doctor Who actor Jimmy Vee is the new R2-D2 in Star Wars Episode 8|author=Cameron K McEwan|work=Metro|date=November 16, 2015|accessdate=22 December 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://makingstarwars.net/2015/09/little-actor-jimmy-vee-is-artoo-detoo-in-star-wars-episode-viii/||title=LITTLE ACTOR JIMMY VEE IS ARTOO-DETOO IN STAR WARS: EPISODE VIII|author=Jason Ward|work=Makingstarwars.net|date=September 16, 2015|accessdate=22 December 2015}}</ref> === Expanded universe === ==== "Legends" ==== * R2-D2 and C-3PO had their own [[animated series]], ''[[Star Wars: Droids]]'', set before they came into Luke Skywalker's possession. * In the various ''Star Wars'' novels and comics, the droid duo have played a small but significant role. In the [[Star Wars expanded universe|''Star Wars'' expanded universe]] novel ''[[The Swarm War]]'', R2-D2 inadvertently helps Luke and Leia come to grips with their heritage when an electronic glitch unearths long-concealed images of Anakin relating his fear of losing Padmé, and of Padmé's death. * In issue #12 of ''[[Star Wars: Legacy]]'', R2-D2 is revealed to have survived the resulting 88 years after his last appearance and has been upgraded to the latest technology. In this series, he now serves another member of the [[Skywalker family]] &mdash; reluctant [[Jedi]] [[Cade Skywalker]]. ==== Canon ==== * R2-D2 appears in the 2008 animated film ''[[Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)|Star Wars: The Clone Wars]]'', and the spin-off [[Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008 TV series)|series of the same name]], which provide a canonical bridge between ''Attack of the Clones'' and ''Revenge of the Sith''. ===Other films=== Along with the ''Star Wars'' films, R2-D2 makes non-canon cameo appearances in several other films, such as ''[[Star Trek (film)|Star Trek]]'' and ''[[Star Trek into Darkness]]'', seen flying in debris, ''[[Close Encounters of the Third Kind]]'' on the underside of the alien ship, ''[[Raiders of the Lost Ark]]'', seen on the wall of the room containing the Ark, and in ''[[Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen]]'', seen flying among rubble and debris in the sky. ==Production== In the original ''Star Wars'' films, there were two R2-D2 models, one that was remote controlled and rolled on three wheeled legs, and another which was worn by English actor [[Kenny Baker (English actor)|Kenny Baker]] and walked on two legs.<ref>{{cite video|title=[[Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope]] [[audio commentary]]|medium=DVD}}</ref><ref>{{cite video|title=[[Empire of Dreams]]|medium=Documentary|publisher=''Star Wars Trilogy'' box set}}</ref> [[Deep Roy]] (who also doubled [[Yoda]] in several scenes), served as Baker's double, in both ''Episodes V'' and ''VI''; providing stunts and filling in for when Bakers was unavailable.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.therobotsvoice.com/2012/03/the_8_nerdiest_roles_of_deep_roy.php|title=The 8 Nerdiest Roles of Deep Roy|accessdate=March 30, 2016|publisher=The Robot's Voice}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.deeproyinc.com/bio.html|title=Deep Roy - Alive in the Valley|date=January 1991|accessdate=March 30, 2016|first=Alicia|last=Brummer|publisher=Sand to Sea}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.theballadofsandeep.com/bios.html|title=Deep Roy Biography|accessdate=March 30, 2016}}</ref> Kenny Baker, who portrayed R2-D2 in costume, was not involved in the [[Star Wars Holiday Special]]. R2 was portrayed entirely by a radio controlled unit, operated by [[Mick Garris]]<ref>{{cite journal|title=The Other R2-D2|publisher=[[Star Wars Insider]]|date=April 2008}}</ref> (Lucas' receptionist at the time).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://gorehoundmike.blogspot.co.uk/2014/04/the-master-of-horror-himself-mick.html|title=The Master of Horror Himself Mick Garris! Talks getting his start with Lucas,Working with Stephen King and More!!!|date=April 7, 2014|accessdate=March 30, 2016|first=Michael|last=Vaughn|publisher=Gorehound Mike}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.theballadofsandeep.com/bios.html|title=Deep Roy Biography|accessdate=March 30, 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://cinemaraiders.blogspot.co.uk/2011/12/star-wars-holiday-special.html|title=Cinema Raiders- Star Wars Holiday Special|accessdate=March 30, 2016}}</ref> In the credits, R2-D2 is credited as playing himself. Garris later went on to operate the radio controlled R2 at various events, including the [[Academy Awards|Oscars]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://uk.ign.com/articles/2003/01/13/an-interview-with-mick-garris|title=AN INTERVIEW WITH MICK GARRIS|date=January 13, 2003|accessdate=March 30, 2016|first=Ken|last=P|publisher=[[IGN]]}}</ref> There were a total of 15 R2-D2s on the set of ''Attack of the Clones''. Eight were radio-controlled; two were worn by Baker; the remainder were stunt models that could be moved by [[puppet]] strings or towed by wires. The robotic R2s were prone to failure, particularly while shooting the Tatooine scenes in [[Tunisia]].<ref>{{Cite video|title=Bad Karma Droid|publisher=''Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace'' DVD}}</ref> Radio controlled units, where extensively utilised for the Prequel trilogy, due to advances in technology, though Baker was still used in some scenes. R2-D2's has three principal operators; Don Bies,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://starwarsinterviews1.blogspot.co.uk/2010/05/don-bies-interview-star-wars-droid.html|title=Don Bies Interview|accessdate=March 30, 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nmspacemuseum.org/content.php?id=448|title=The Man Behind R2-D2|date=September 30, 2015|accessdate=March 30, 2016|publisher=New Mexico Museum of Space History}}</ref> Jolyon Bambridge<ref>{{cite web|url=http://flyingcamerasystems.com/About_Us.php|title=Flying Camera Systems - About Us|accessdate=March 30, 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bfi.org.uk/films-tv-people/4ce2bbfb96e05|title=Jolyon Bambridge, BFI Filmography|accessdate=March 30, 2016}}</ref> and [[Grant Imahara]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/mythbusters/bios/grant-imahara/|title=Grant Imahara at MythBusters|accessdate=March 30, 2016|publisher=Discovery}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/mythbusters/bios/grant-imahara/|title=Meet Grant Imahara from MythBusters|accessdate=March 30, 2016|publisher=mouser.com}}</ref> The sound effects for R2-D2's "voice" were created by sound designer [[Ben Burtt]], using an [[ARP 2600]] [[analog synthesizer]], as well as his own vocalizations processed through other effects.<ref>{{cite video|people=[[Ben Burtt]]|title=Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope [[audio commentary]]|medium=DVD}}</ref> Original props of R2-D2 and C-3PO are used as [[Audio-Animatronics]] in the queue area of [[Disneyland]]'s [[Star Tours–The Adventures Continue]] attraction. Although Kenny Baker is credited, [[Anthony Daniels]] (who portrays [[C-3PO]]) has stated that Baker did not film any scenes in ''Revenge of the Sith''.<ref>{{cite journal|title=Anthony Daniels interview|publisher=[[:pt:Revista Set|Set]]|date=April 2008}}</ref> Baker himself has said he probably only appears in footage caught while shooting the previous two movies.<ref>{{cite news | first=Andrew | last=Williams | coauthors= |authorlink= | title=Kenny Baker | date=2005-05-19 | publisher=[[Associated Newspapers]] | url =http://www.metro.co.uk/fame/interviews/article.html?in_article_id=1217&in_page_id=11 | work =[[Metro (Associated Metro Limited)|Metro]] | pages = | accessdate = 2009-01-28 | language = }}</ref> For ''The Force Awakens'', producer [[Kathleen Kennedy (film producer)|Kathleen Kennedy]] hired two fans, Lee Towarsey and Oliver Steeples, to build new R2-D2 robots for the film, after being impressed by their working replicas that were brought to [[Star Wars Celebration]] Europe in 2013.<ref>{{Cite video|title=Cast & Crew Highlight at Star Wars Celebration Panel Anaheim|publisher=YouTube|url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_LnexDhOiS0}}</ref> Kenny Baker was also confirmed as part of the cast, once again reprising his role from previous films. == Cultural influence == R2-D2 was inducted into the [[Robot Hall of Fame]] in 2003. The [[Smithsonian Institution]] included R2-D2 in its list of 101 Objects that Made America.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/101-Objects-that-Made-America-228072031.html?c=y&page=73|title=R2-D2|accessdate=October 31, 2013|publisher=[[Smithsonian Institution]]|work=100 Objects that Made America}}</ref> [[Marc Rotenberg]] of the [[Electronic Privacy Information Center]] called a security robot intended for schools and malls R2-D2's "evil twin"; William Santana Li, who co-founded the company that built the robot, said he wanted people to think of the robot as "a mash-up of 'Batman,' 'Minority Report' and R2-D2”.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/03/science/coming-soon-a-night-watchman-with-wheels.html|title=A Night Watchman With Wheels?|date=November 29, 2013|accessdate=December 11, 2013|first=John|last=Markoff|work=[[The New York Times]]|publisher=[[The New York Times Company]]}}</ref> [[Ewan McGregor]], who portrayed Obi-Wan Kenobi in the [[Star Wars prequel trilogy]], said in an interview, "As soon as R2-D2 comes on the set, everyone goes a bit silly." He said "there is something about him that makes you feel great affection for him". In the DVD audio commentary for ''Revenge of the Sith'', George Lucas says R2-D2 is his favorite character, and that it is intentional that R2-D2 saves the day at least once in every film. R2-D2 and C-3PO [[guest appearance|guest starred]] in a series of segments of ''[[Sesame Street]]'' in 1978. The two droids were featured as presenters at the [[50th Academy Awards]]. R2-D2 is parodied in several episodes of ''[[Family Guy]]''; The final scene in "[[Blind Ambition (Family Guy)|Blind Ambition]]" where [[Peter Griffin]] receives a medal of honor after a blind Peter saves Horace's life parodies the ending in ''[[Star Wars: A New Hope]]''. In the episodes parodying the original ''Star Wars'' trilogy, [[Cleveland Brown]] plays R2-D2's role, while [[Glenn Quagmire|Quagmire]] plays [[C-3PO]]. In the Latin American Spanish dubbing of the ''Star Wars'' films, the name R2-D2 is pronounced as "Arturito".<ref>[https://ablognso.wordpress.com/el-verdadero-nombre-de-r2-d2/ R2-D2's name]</ref> == See also == * [[C-3PO]] * [[BB-8]] == Notes == #[[Daniel Wallace (Star Wars)|Wallace, Daniel]]. (2002). ''Star Wars: The Essential Guide to Characters''. Del Rey. p.&nbsp;138. ISBN 0-345-44900-2. Note: Canon sources are mixed as to whether R2-D2 has a gender, but Wallace (an official source) indicates that the droid has ''masculine programming''. == References == {{reflist|30em}} == External links == * {{Official website|http://www.starwars.com/databank/r2-d2|''R2-D2 Official Website''}} at {{URL|http://www.starwars.com|StarWars.com}} *{{sww|R2-D2}} *{{cite web| url=http://52motivationalinterviews.com/radio/2011/05/tony-dyson| title=Tony Dyson The man behind Star Wars R2-D2 }} {{Navboxes |list1=</span> {{Star Wars characters}} {{Star Wars (film)}} {{The Empire Strikes Back}} {{Return of the Jedi}} {{Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace}} {{Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones}} {{Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith}} {{Star Wars: The Force Awakens}} {{Star Wars Episode VIII}} {{Star Wars Jedi Prince series}} {{Star Wars}}}} [[Category:Droid characters]] [[Category:Fictional characters introduced in 1977]] [[Category:Film sidekicks]] [[Category:Star Wars Transformers characters]] [[Category:Fictional revolutionaries]]
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@@ -1,135 +1 @@ -{{about|Star Wars robot}} -{{Infobox character -| name = R2-D2 -| colour = #0000FF -| color2 = #FFFFFF -| image = R2-D2 Droid.png -| series = [[Star Wars]] -| first = ''[[Star Wars (film)|Star Wars]]'' (1977) -| creator = [[George Lucas]] -| occupation = Astromech [[droid (robot)|droid]] -| lbl21 = Homeworld -| data21 = [[Naboo]] -| nickname = Artoo, R2 -| affiliation = [[Galactic Republic]]<br/>[[Rebel Alliance]]/[[New Republic (Star Wars)|New Republic]]<br/>[[Jedi Order]]<br/>Resistance -| portrayer = [[Kenny Baker (English actor)|Kenny Baker]] {{small|(''Episodes I-VI'' and consultant in ''Episode VII'')}}<br>[[Jimmy Vee]] {{small|(''Episode VIII'')}}<br>[[Deep Roy]] {{small|(stand-in/stunt double, ''Episodes V and VI'')}}<br>'''Radio controllers:'''<br>[[Grant Imahara]], [[Mick Garris]], Jolyon Bambridge, Don Bies -| voice = [[Ben Burtt]] {{small|(vocal effects)}} -}} -'''R2-D2''' or '''Artoo-Detoo''' is a fictional [[Robots in fiction|robot character]] in the ''[[Star Wars]]'' universe created by [[George Lucas]], who appears in the [[Star Wars|original trilogy]], the [[Star Wars prequel trilogy|prequel trilogy]], and the [[Star Wars sequel trilogy|sequel trilogy]]. As a charismatic and mischievous [[astromech droid]] (referred to in the [[Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope#Novelization|novel]] as a 'thermocapsulary dehousing assister'), R2-D2 is a major character appearing with his protocol [[Droid (robot)|droid]] companion, [[C-3PO]], as the only two characters to appear in all seven ''Star Wars'' films. Throughout the course of the films, he joins or supports [[Darth Vader|Anakin Skywalker]], [[Luke Skywalker]], [[Princess Leia]], [[Padmé Amidala]], and [[Obi-Wan Kenobi]] in various points in the saga. - -English actor [[Kenny Baker (English actor)|Kenny Baker]] played R2-D2 in all three original ''Star Wars'' films, and received [[Billing (filmmaking)|billing credit]] for the character in the prequel trilogy, where Baker's role was reduced, as R2-D2 was portrayed mainly by [[Radio-controlled model|radio controlled props]] and [[Computer-generated imagery|CGI]] models. In the sequel trilogy, Baker was credited as consultant for the [[Star Wars: The Force Awakens|first installment]], while actor [[Jimmy Vee]] will take over the role beginning in ''[[Star Wars: Episode VIII|Episode VIII]]''. R2-D2's sounds and vocal effects were created by [[Ben Burtt]]. R2-D2 was designed in artwork by [[Ralph McQuarrie]], co-developed by [[John Stears]] and built by [[Tony Dyson]]. - -== Design == -George Lucas's creation of R2-D2 was influenced by [[Akira Kurosawa]]'s 1958 feature film ''[[The Hidden Fortress]]'' (USA release 1962), particularly Tahei and Matashichi, the two [[comic relief]] characters that serve as sidekicks to General Makabe. Lucas also drew inspiration from the robots Huey, Dewey, and Louie from [[Douglas Trumbull]]'s 1972 film ''[[Silent Running]]''. - -The name is said to derive from when Lucas was making one of his earlier films, ''[[American Graffiti]]''. Sound editor [[Walter Murch]] states that he is responsible for the utterance which sparked the name for the droid. Murch asked for Reel 2, Dialog Track 2, in the abbreviated form "R-2-D-2". Lucas, who was in the room and had dozed off while working on the script for ''Star Wars'', momentarily woke when he heard the request and, after asking for clarification, stated that it was a "great name" before falling immediately back to sleep.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.filmfreakcentral.net/notes/wminterview4.htm|title=Film Freak Central Interviews Editor Walter Murch (page 4)|author=Bill Chambers|date=2000|publisher=FilmFreakCentral.net |pages=4 |accessdate=March 23, 2014 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110810072318/http://filmfreakcentral.net/notes/wminterview4.htm |archivedate=August 10, 2011}}</ref> - -R2-D2 stands for Second Generation Robotic Droid Series-2, according to a ''Star Wars'' encyclopedia published after the release of the film ''[[Star Wars (film)|Star Wars]]''.{{citation needed|date=December 2014}} - -[[Tony Dyson]], owner of the [[special effect]]s studio The White Horse Toy Company, was commissioned to fabricate the design, making four units operated by remote control. Two were used by Baker, and two were stunt double models made for the scene where the droid was shot from the swamp onto the shore on [[Dagobah]]. - -=== Original trilogy === - -====''Star Wars''==== -In ''[[Star Wars (film)|Star Wars]]'', both R2-D2 and C-3PO are introduced on board the ''[[Tantive IV]]'', along with [[Princess Leia]] of [[Alderaan]], when they are fired upon by an [[Galactic Empire (Star Wars)|Imperial]] [[Star Destroyer]]. Leia inserts in R2-D2 an information disc containing the plans for the [[Death Star]] battle station, along with encoding a distress message on the droid's holographic projector. The droids then escape in a pod that crashes on [[Tatooine]] near [[Obi-Wan Kenobi]]'s desert abode. - -R2-D2 and C-3PO are then abducted by [[List of Star Wars races (F-J)#Jawa|Jawa]]s and bought by [[Minor residents of Tatooine#Lars, Owen|Owen Lars]], step-uncle of [[Luke Skywalker]]. While Luke cleans the sand out of R2-D2's gears, he discovers a fragment of Leia's message, and removes the droid's restraining bolt to see more; once free of the bolt, R2 claims to have no knowledge of the message. That night, R2-D2 leaves the farm to seek out Obi-Wan. Soon, by way of fate, Luke is forced to leave Tatooine with Obi-Wan, [[Han Solo]], and [[Chewbacca]], and they attempt to deliver R2-D2 to the [[Rebel Alliance]]. Along the way, they are pulled in by the Death Star's [[tractor beam]], but eventually rescue [[Princess Leia]] and escape. R2-D2 delivers the plans to the [[Rebel Alliance]], and serves as Luke's astromech droid during the [[Battle of Yavin|attack on the station]]. R2-D2 is severely damaged during the battle, but is restored before the ceremony at the end of the film. - -====''The Empire Strikes Back''==== -In ''[[The Empire Strikes Back]]'', R2-D2 accompanies Luke to [[Dagobah]], and later to [[Cloud City]], where he helps to rescue and repair a heavily damaged C-3PO and to override city security computers. He also manages to fix the ''[[Millennium Falcon]]''{{'}}s [[hyperdrive]], resulting in a last-minute escape from Imperial forces. - -====''Return of the Jedi''==== -In ''[[Return of the Jedi]]'', R2-D2 plays a critical role in rescuing Luke, Leia and Han from [[Jabba the Hutt]]. He later joins the Rebel strike team on [[Endor (Star Wars)|Endor]]. He is badly damaged during the fight between the Imperial troops and the Rebels, but is repaired in time for the celebration marking the second Death Star's destruction and the end of the Empire. - -=== Prequel trilogy === - -====''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace''==== -In ''[[Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace]]'', set 32 years before ''Star Wars'', R2-D2 is portrayed as belonging to the [[Naboo]] defense forces and is one of four astromech droids deployed for repair duty on Queen [[Padmé Amidala]]'s [[starship]] as it attempts to get past the [[Trade Federation]] blockade. The sole survivor of the four, R2-D2 becomes part of [[Qui-Gon Jinn]]'s party on [[Tatooine]] and meets [[C-3PO]] and [[Anakin Skywalker]]. Later still, he serves as the astromech droid for Anakin's [[Military spacecraft in fiction|starfighter]] during the Battle of Naboo. - -====''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones''==== -In ''[[Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones]]'', set 10 years after ''The Phantom Menace'', R2-D2 still serves Anakin and Obi-Wan. He accompanies Anakin and Padmé to Naboo, and then to Tatooine when Anakin tries to rescue his mother [[List of Star Wars characters#S|Shmi]]. Here, he is reunited with C-3PO, and the two get into various misadventures on Geonosis. He and C-3PO are later witnesses to Anakin and Padmé's secret wedding. - -====''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith''==== -In ''[[Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith]]'', R2-D2 helps Anakin and Obi-Wan in their mission to rescue Chancellor [[Palpatine]] from [[Count Dooku]]'s capital ship, the ''Invisible Hand''. He is attacked by battle droids, but defeats them through ingenious tactics. After Anakin falls to the [[dark side (Star Wars)|dark side]] of [[Force (Star Wars)|the Force]] and becomes [[Darth Vader]], he takes R2-D2 with him when he goes to assassinate the Separatist council, but tells him to stay with the ship. After the [[Galactic Empire (Star Wars)|Galactic Empire]] is established at the end of the film, C-3PO's memory is erased to keep the knowledge of the locations of [[Luke Skywalker]] and [[Princess Leia]] a secret from their father. However, R2-D2's memory isn't wiped (as a result, R2-D2 is the only surviving character at the end of ''Return of the Jedi'' who knows the entire story of the [[Skywalker family]]). Both R2-D2 and C-3PO end up in the possession of Captain [[List of Star Wars characters#A|Raymus Antilles]] on board the Corellian corvette ''[[Tantive IV]]''. - -=== Sequel trilogy === - -====''Star Wars: The Force Awakens''==== -In ''[[Star Wars: The Force Awakens]]'', set approximately 30 years after ''Return of the Jedi'', R2-D2 is revealed to be kept in storage at the Resistance base on the planet D'Qar, having put himself in low-power mode after Luke Skywalker's disappearance. He later awakens and reveals Luke's location by combining map data stored in his memory with that of the droid [[BB-8]]. He then travels with [[Rey (Star Wars)|Rey]] and Chewbacca to the planet highlighted on the map, where they find Luke in self-imposed exile. In the credits, Kenny Baker was credited as 'R2-D2 consultant'. - -====''Star Wars: Episode VIII''==== -R2 was confirmed to appear in ''[[Star Wars: Episode VIII|Episode VIII]]'', with [[Jimmy Vee]] becoming the new actor for the character, as [[Kenny Baker (English actor)|Kenny Baker]] has retired from the role due to his age and health.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://metro.co.uk/2015/11/16/doctor-who-actor-jimmy-vee-is-the-new-r2-d2-in-star-wars-episode-8-5505452/|title=Doctor Who actor Jimmy Vee is the new R2-D2 in Star Wars Episode 8|author=Cameron K McEwan|work=Metro|date=November 16, 2015|accessdate=22 December 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://makingstarwars.net/2015/09/little-actor-jimmy-vee-is-artoo-detoo-in-star-wars-episode-viii/||title=LITTLE ACTOR JIMMY VEE IS ARTOO-DETOO IN STAR WARS: EPISODE VIII|author=Jason Ward|work=Makingstarwars.net|date=September 16, 2015|accessdate=22 December 2015}}</ref> - -=== Expanded universe === - -==== "Legends" ==== -* R2-D2 and C-3PO had their own [[animated series]], ''[[Star Wars: Droids]]'', set before they came into Luke Skywalker's possession. -* In the various ''Star Wars'' novels and comics, the droid duo have played a small but significant role. In the [[Star Wars expanded universe|''Star Wars'' expanded universe]] novel ''[[The Swarm War]]'', R2-D2 inadvertently helps Luke and Leia come to grips with their heritage when an electronic glitch unearths long-concealed images of Anakin relating his fear of losing Padmé, and of Padmé's death. -* In issue #12 of ''[[Star Wars: Legacy]]'', R2-D2 is revealed to have survived the resulting 88 years after his last appearance and has been upgraded to the latest technology. In this series, he now serves another member of the [[Skywalker family]] &mdash; reluctant [[Jedi]] [[Cade Skywalker]]. - -==== Canon ==== -* R2-D2 appears in the 2008 animated film ''[[Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)|Star Wars: The Clone Wars]]'', and the spin-off [[Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008 TV series)|series of the same name]], which provide a canonical bridge between ''Attack of the Clones'' and ''Revenge of the Sith''. - -===Other films=== -Along with the ''Star Wars'' films, R2-D2 makes non-canon cameo appearances in several other films, such as ''[[Star Trek (film)|Star Trek]]'' and ''[[Star Trek into Darkness]]'', seen flying in debris, ''[[Close Encounters of the Third Kind]]'' on the underside of the alien ship, ''[[Raiders of the Lost Ark]]'', seen on the wall of the room containing the Ark, and in ''[[Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen]]'', seen flying among rubble and debris in the sky. - -==Production== - -In the original ''Star Wars'' films, there were two R2-D2 models, one that was remote controlled and rolled on three wheeled legs, and another which was worn by English actor [[Kenny Baker (English actor)|Kenny Baker]] and walked on two legs.<ref>{{cite video|title=[[Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope]] [[audio commentary]]|medium=DVD}}</ref><ref>{{cite video|title=[[Empire of Dreams]]|medium=Documentary|publisher=''Star Wars Trilogy'' box set}}</ref> [[Deep Roy]] (who also doubled [[Yoda]] in several scenes), served as Baker's double, in both ''Episodes V'' and ''VI''; providing stunts and filling in for when Bakers was unavailable.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.therobotsvoice.com/2012/03/the_8_nerdiest_roles_of_deep_roy.php|title=The 8 Nerdiest Roles of Deep Roy|accessdate=March 30, 2016|publisher=The Robot's Voice}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.deeproyinc.com/bio.html|title=Deep Roy - Alive in the Valley|date=January 1991|accessdate=March 30, 2016|first=Alicia|last=Brummer|publisher=Sand to Sea}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.theballadofsandeep.com/bios.html|title=Deep Roy Biography|accessdate=March 30, 2016}}</ref> - -Kenny Baker, who portrayed R2-D2 in costume, was not involved in the [[Star Wars Holiday Special]]. R2 was portrayed entirely by a radio controlled unit, operated by [[Mick Garris]]<ref>{{cite journal|title=The Other R2-D2|publisher=[[Star Wars Insider]]|date=April 2008}}</ref> (Lucas' receptionist at the time).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://gorehoundmike.blogspot.co.uk/2014/04/the-master-of-horror-himself-mick.html|title=The Master of Horror Himself Mick Garris! Talks getting his start with Lucas,Working with Stephen King and More!!!|date=April 7, 2014|accessdate=March 30, 2016|first=Michael|last=Vaughn|publisher=Gorehound Mike}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.theballadofsandeep.com/bios.html|title=Deep Roy Biography|accessdate=March 30, 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://cinemaraiders.blogspot.co.uk/2011/12/star-wars-holiday-special.html|title=Cinema Raiders- Star Wars Holiday Special|accessdate=March 30, 2016}}</ref> In the credits, R2-D2 is credited as playing himself. Garris later went on to operate the radio controlled R2 at various events, including the [[Academy Awards|Oscars]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://uk.ign.com/articles/2003/01/13/an-interview-with-mick-garris|title=AN INTERVIEW WITH MICK GARRIS|date=January 13, 2003|accessdate=March 30, 2016|first=Ken|last=P|publisher=[[IGN]]}}</ref> - -There were a total of 15 R2-D2s on the set of ''Attack of the Clones''. Eight were radio-controlled; two were worn by Baker; the remainder were stunt models that could be moved by [[puppet]] strings or towed by wires. The robotic R2s were prone to failure, particularly while shooting the Tatooine scenes in [[Tunisia]].<ref>{{Cite video|title=Bad Karma Droid|publisher=''Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace'' DVD}}</ref> - -Radio controlled units, where extensively utilised for the Prequel trilogy, due to advances in technology, though Baker was still used in some scenes. R2-D2's has three principal operators; Don Bies,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://starwarsinterviews1.blogspot.co.uk/2010/05/don-bies-interview-star-wars-droid.html|title=Don Bies Interview|accessdate=March 30, 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nmspacemuseum.org/content.php?id=448|title=The Man Behind R2-D2|date=September 30, 2015|accessdate=March 30, 2016|publisher=New Mexico Museum of Space History}}</ref> Jolyon Bambridge<ref>{{cite web|url=http://flyingcamerasystems.com/About_Us.php|title=Flying Camera Systems - About Us|accessdate=March 30, 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bfi.org.uk/films-tv-people/4ce2bbfb96e05|title=Jolyon Bambridge, BFI Filmography|accessdate=March 30, 2016}}</ref> and [[Grant Imahara]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/mythbusters/bios/grant-imahara/|title=Grant Imahara at MythBusters|accessdate=March 30, 2016|publisher=Discovery}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/mythbusters/bios/grant-imahara/|title=Meet Grant Imahara from MythBusters|accessdate=March 30, 2016|publisher=mouser.com}}</ref> - -The sound effects for R2-D2's "voice" were created by sound designer [[Ben Burtt]], using an [[ARP 2600]] [[analog synthesizer]], as well as his own vocalizations processed through other effects.<ref>{{cite video|people=[[Ben Burtt]]|title=Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope [[audio commentary]]|medium=DVD}}</ref> Original props of R2-D2 and C-3PO are used as [[Audio-Animatronics]] in the queue area of [[Disneyland]]'s [[Star Tours–The Adventures Continue]] attraction. - -Although Kenny Baker is credited, [[Anthony Daniels]] (who portrays [[C-3PO]]) has stated that Baker did not film any scenes in ''Revenge of the Sith''.<ref>{{cite journal|title=Anthony Daniels interview|publisher=[[:pt:Revista Set|Set]]|date=April 2008}}</ref> Baker himself has said he probably only appears in footage caught while shooting the previous two movies.<ref>{{cite news | first=Andrew | last=Williams | coauthors= |authorlink= | title=Kenny Baker | date=2005-05-19 | publisher=[[Associated Newspapers]] | url =http://www.metro.co.uk/fame/interviews/article.html?in_article_id=1217&in_page_id=11 | work =[[Metro (Associated Metro Limited)|Metro]] | pages = | accessdate = 2009-01-28 | language = }}</ref> - -For ''The Force Awakens'', producer [[Kathleen Kennedy (film producer)|Kathleen Kennedy]] hired two fans, Lee Towarsey and Oliver Steeples, to build new R2-D2 robots for the film, after being impressed by their working replicas that were brought to [[Star Wars Celebration]] Europe in 2013.<ref>{{Cite video|title=Cast & Crew Highlight at Star Wars Celebration Panel Anaheim|publisher=YouTube|url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_LnexDhOiS0}}</ref> Kenny Baker was also confirmed as part of the cast, once again reprising his role from previous films. - -== Cultural influence == -R2-D2 was inducted into the [[Robot Hall of Fame]] in 2003. The [[Smithsonian Institution]] included R2-D2 in its list of 101 Objects that Made America.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/101-Objects-that-Made-America-228072031.html?c=y&page=73|title=R2-D2|accessdate=October 31, 2013|publisher=[[Smithsonian Institution]]|work=100 Objects that Made America}}</ref> [[Marc Rotenberg]] of the [[Electronic Privacy Information Center]] called a security robot intended for schools and malls R2-D2's "evil twin"; William Santana Li, who co-founded the company that built the robot, said he wanted people to think of the robot as "a mash-up of 'Batman,' 'Minority Report' and R2-D2”.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/03/science/coming-soon-a-night-watchman-with-wheels.html|title=A Night Watchman With Wheels?|date=November 29, 2013|accessdate=December 11, 2013|first=John|last=Markoff|work=[[The New York Times]]|publisher=[[The New York Times Company]]}}</ref> - -[[Ewan McGregor]], who portrayed Obi-Wan Kenobi in the [[Star Wars prequel trilogy]], said in an interview, "As soon as R2-D2 comes on the set, everyone goes a bit silly." He said "there is something about him that makes you feel great affection for him". In the DVD audio commentary for ''Revenge of the Sith'', George Lucas says R2-D2 is his favorite character, and that it is intentional that R2-D2 saves the day at least once in every film. - -R2-D2 and C-3PO [[guest appearance|guest starred]] in a series of segments of ''[[Sesame Street]]'' in 1978. The two droids were featured as presenters at the [[50th Academy Awards]]. - -R2-D2 is parodied in several episodes of ''[[Family Guy]]''; The final scene in "[[Blind Ambition (Family Guy)|Blind Ambition]]" where [[Peter Griffin]] receives a medal of honor after a blind Peter saves Horace's life parodies the ending in ''[[Star Wars: A New Hope]]''. In the episodes parodying the original ''Star Wars'' trilogy, [[Cleveland Brown]] plays R2-D2's role, while [[Glenn Quagmire|Quagmire]] plays [[C-3PO]]. - -In the Latin American Spanish dubbing of the ''Star Wars'' films, the name R2-D2 is pronounced as "Arturito".<ref>[https://ablognso.wordpress.com/el-verdadero-nombre-de-r2-d2/ R2-D2's name]</ref> - -== See also == -* [[C-3PO]] -* [[BB-8]] - -== Notes == -#[[Daniel Wallace (Star Wars)|Wallace, Daniel]]. (2002). ''Star Wars: The Essential Guide to Characters''. Del Rey. p.&nbsp;138. ISBN 0-345-44900-2. Note: Canon sources are mixed as to whether R2-D2 has a gender, but Wallace (an official source) indicates that the droid has ''masculine programming''. - -== References == -{{reflist|30em}} - -== External links == -* {{Official website|http://www.starwars.com/databank/r2-d2|''R2-D2 Official Website''}} at {{URL|http://www.starwars.com|StarWars.com}} -*{{sww|R2-D2}} -*{{cite web| url=http://52motivationalinterviews.com/radio/2011/05/tony-dyson| title=Tony Dyson The man behind Star Wars R2-D2 }} -{{Navboxes -|list1=</span> -{{Star Wars characters}} -{{Star Wars (film)}} -{{The Empire Strikes Back}} -{{Return of the Jedi}} -{{Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace}} -{{Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones}} -{{Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith}} -{{Star Wars: The Force Awakens}} -{{Star Wars Episode VIII}} -{{Star Wars Jedi Prince series}} -{{Star Wars}}}} - -[[Category:Droid characters]] -[[Category:Fictional characters introduced in 1977]] -[[Category:Film sidekicks]] -[[Category:Star Wars Transformers characters]] -[[Category:Fictional revolutionaries]] +Are too!
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